CCTV and drones could be used by local authorities to catch and prosecute illegal dumpers.
Fianna Fail Senator Malcolm Byrne who is behind the new anti-littering bill, says it would allow local authorities to tackle those involved in fly-tipping.
He says the problem is costing local authorities tens of millions of euro each year;
"I know from surveying local authorities last year that dealing with littering and clearing illegal dumping cost them nationally in total between €90 million and €100 million a year.
"It's hazardous to livestock and animals so there is a responsibility to look at using any methods at our disposal to tackle this."
But Liam Herrick, Director of the Irish Council of Civil Liberties, says they've already seen what happens when local authorities use the technology incorrectly;
"They've been introducing surveillance technology without a legal basis - they've been doing so without following proper process in terms of sharing it with other agencies.
"They've been using types of cameras and technologies that have been disproportionate and inappropriate."