It's believed procrastination is linked to poor mood management, rather than laziness or poor time management.
Research has found parts of the brain linked to threat detection and emotion regulation are different in chronic procrastinators, compared to those who don't frequently put off tasks.
Emotionally loaded or difficult tasks such as studying for an exam or preparing for public speaking are prime candidates for procrastination.
A survey of 22-thousand employees in the US, found participants who regularly procrastinated had lower incomes and less job stability.
Regularly putting off tasks was also linked with health and well-being problems, including higher levels of depression and anxiety.